Cinquanta ore e dieci minuti settimanali in italiano su onde corte. Tutte confermate le trasmissioni di Romania, Iran, Turchia, Egitto, Cina e quella domenicale dell’AWR insieme con i dieci minuti vaticani alle 8 del mattino. Le frequenze da domenica 27 ottobre 2019, adattate al ritorno dell’ora solare (UTC+1).
Radio Romania Internazionale concentra sui 5955 kHz le tre trasmissioni quotidiane in italiano delle 16, 18 e 20 ora italiana, ciascuna di mezz’ora. La trasmissione delle 20 è l’unica in italiano in modalità digitale DRM.
La radio della R.I. dell’Iran è in onda dalle 20.20 alle 20.50 italiane su 6135 e 6190 kHz.
La Voce della Turchia, di cui negli ultimi tempi si sono avuti ascolti difficoltosi, comunica la frequenza invernale di 6185 kHz alle ore 16 italiane.
Radio Cina Internazionale conferma a sua volta le tre trasmissioni quotidiane della durata ciascuna di un’ora alle (ora italiana) 19 (7340 e 7435 kHz) 21.30 (7265 e 7345 kHz) e in replica al mattino dopo alle 7 su 15620 kHz.
Radio Cairo che da mesi non si fa sentire comunica (via HFCC) la frequenza di 9540 kHz per il programma delle 19 ora italiana della durata di un’ora. Da notare che la scheda dell’emittente dà 9490 kHz.
La AWR, che dalla Germania manda in onda un programma domenicale di un’ora (alle 10.00 ora italiana) comprendente il popolare programma di radioascolto Studio DX, opererà su 9610 kHz.
Infine resistono i dieci minuti, da lunedì a sabato alle 8 del mattino ora italiana, della Radio Vaticana su 11935 kHz diretti al Medio Oriente ma udibili tradizionalmente un po’ in tutta Europa. Un programma che va sostenuto per chiedere maggiore impegno in italiano sulle onde corte.
L’onda lunga – che in Italia non ha mai avuto grande fortuna – ritrova in Irlanda il suo scopo: un solo impianto, una sola frequenza per raggiungere dall’isola verde tutti i compatrioti nelle altre isole britanniche su 252 kHz. Un esempio per tutti. Quando l’Italia aveva un’onda lunga in Sicilia.
La presidente della commissione comunicazioni dell’Oireachtas (Parlamento) Hildegarde Naughton (Fine Gael, maggioranza) confermava lo scorso 17 ottobre l’immediata ripresa del servizio dopo alcuni lavori di aggiornamento all’impianto che può raggiungere luoghi isolati e gli espatriati in Gran Bretagna con facilità e gratuitamente.
La RTV pubblica irlandese RTÉ aveva annunciato la fine del servizio nel 2014 ma le proteste degli ascoltatori fecero ritardare la decisione che ora potrebbe portare alla chiusura tra almeno 2 anni salvo revisioni. La deputata ha dichiarato che la Commissione ”continuerà a lavorare con la RTÉ per assicurare all’onda lunga un futuro vitale”. Anche la RTÉ ha confermato di essere consapevole del ruolo dell’onda lunga ”nel mantenere gli iralndesi nel Regno Unito e oltre informati e connessi con la Patria” e per questo le recenti riparazioni rappresentano un ”investimento che aiuterà a sostenere il servizio in onda lunga a medio termine”.
L’Italia ha avuto fino all’inizio del secolo presente un impianto relativamente debole a Caltanissetta (dove la grande antenna è ora monumento nazionale. Vedi foto qui sotto) che tuttavia poteva coprire tutto il Mediterraneo. Fu chiuso. Altre isole, altro isolamento hertziano. Una lunga storia.
RadioTER, terzo trimestre 2019: cresce l’ascolto della radio
Cresce il numero degli ascoltatori della radio nel terzo trimestre 2019.
Secondo i dati del Giorno Medio dell’indagine RadioTER, nel segmento annuale che va dall’11 giugno al 30 settembre, sono stati 34.875.000 coloro che hanno seguito il mezzo radio quotidianamente, a fronte dei 34.638.000 del secondo trimestre 2019 e dei 34.736.000 dello stesso periodo (terzo trimestre) del 2018.
In crescita anche il dato dei sette giorni, oggi a quota 44.180.000 contro i 44.169.000 del secondo trimestre 2019 ed i 43.923.000 del terzo trimestre 2018.
Il quarto d’ora medio vede 6.627.000 persone sintonizzate tra le sei del mattino e mezzanotte, che scendono a 5.161.000 se si considerano le 24 ore.
Erano rispettivamente 6.241.000 e 4.843.000 nello scorso trimestre, mentre il dato dello stesso periodo di un anno fa era pari a 6.516.000 e 5.054.000.
Infine, cresce anche la durata dell’ascolto della radio nel Giorno Medio, stimato oggi in 213 minuti, contro i 201 del secondo trimestre 2019 ed i 210 del terzo trimestre 2018.
Can We Save AM Radio by Killing It? Considering All-Digital AM Radio
The original broadcast band gets little love as it prepares to celebrate its 100th birthday. Plagued by electromagnetic interference from wi-fi routers, LED lights and all sorts of other modern electronics, and dominated by tired right-wing and sports talk programming targeting a shrinking demographic, there’s not much love for AM radio these days.
While the FCC has talked about revitalizing the AM band for something close to a decade, all that’s resulted is letting AM broadcasters have translator repeater stations on the FM dial. That’s not so much AM revitalization as welfare for AM broadcasters.
Another idea that’s been floating in the ether is taking the band all-digital. Just like the FM band, there are digital HD Radio stations on AM right now. Because AM stations have just a fraction of the bandwidth of FM channels, they don’t feature additional channels, like FM’s HD–2 and HD–3. Instead HD Radio stations on AM just have a digital channel accompanying the analog one which offers audio that is stereo and markedly free of noise and static, provided you have an HD Radio tuner and are in range of the lower-powered digital signal.
The idea behind an all-digital AM band is that stations would drop their analog signals altogether in favor of a digital HD Radio signal. The supposed benefit is that the new digital signals would be higher fidelity, free of noise, and somewhat more resistant to interference. The downside would be that they would be unreceivable by the hundreds of millions of analog AM radios in use around the country. Only HD Radio equipped car radios and the much-rarer home receivers would get the broadcasts.
As of now, approximately 50% of new cars are HD-capable. Taking into account that the average vehicle on the road is nearly 12 years old, a much lower percentage of all vehicles have the capability, meaning the majority of radio listeners still can’t hear HD Radio signals.
Nevertheless, for the first time this month the FCC is officially taking up the idea of letting AM stations go all-digital. The proposal, docket 19–311, wouldn’t force stations to go HD Radio. Instead, if approved, it would allow stations to choose this route.
Arguing All-Digital AM
To understand the motivations for this, we can look to a Radio World editorial, in which the petitioner behind this proposal, radio group GM Ben Downs, argues for the sonic advantages of HD Radio on AM. I admit that on its own the fidelity argument is hard to find fault with. But there are many more significant nits to pic. He takes up several common objections.
To the argument, “there aren’t enough [HD] radios,” he answers: “And if we broadcasters don’t step up, there won’t be any listeners either. Every year more and more HD Radios are hitting the market. Can we say the same about AM listeners?”
I think what he’s saying is that listeners are fleeing AM because of the noise and interference, but a growing segment of them are using HD-capable receivers that would relieve them of the sound constraints. I’m not certain there’s much evidence for this. Fidelity is not much of an issue for listening to Rush Limbaugh, Sean Hannity, or endless listener calls debating NFL stats. Audiences interested in anything else naturally turn to FM.
Downs anticipates this critique, writing, “There are always people who say poor programming damaged AM. I suppose that’s possible, but those choices were forced on us by radios that had such poor performance we were embarrassed to try to compete against FM music stations with what we had to work with.”
That seems a selective view of the past, at best, and ahistorical at worst. FM music radio became predominant in the early 1980s, way before the AM dial became so noisy. Moreover, I’m not sure when this mythical time of wide-spread high fidelity AM receivers was, but that’s one I wished I’d lived in (and I was a radio listener in the early 80s).
He also takes up the argument that, “I’ll lose listeners when I switch [to all-digital],” answering: “The beauty of the AM revitalization process was that it allowed us to pair our AM stations with FM translators. Your translator can carry the audience load while the audience becomes accustomed to all-digital AM.”
I find this just as paradoxical as the idea of FM signals for AM broadcasters representing any kind of “revitalization” for the band. My question is: if listeners have to hear your station on the FM dial, why would they ever go back to find it on AM? Would they even know to do so?
While much of radio listening has moved to the car, and HD Radio is far more prevalent in vehicle dashboards than in home receivers, my own experience is that most listeners are relatively unaware of HD Radio. Their tuners may bring in the signal, but since it sounds roughly identical to the analog one, it’s all in the background. I don’t think most seek it out. This is evidenced by the fact that there are no HD–2 or HD–3 stations – only receivable with an HD capable receiver – at or towards the top of the ratings for any U.S. market.
Now, I agree that the fidelity difference on AM is more pronounced and noticeable. But I’m still not sure that listeners really notice the difference as their radios shift between analog and digital signals. Any AM listener is accustomed to the signal strengthening and fading as they travel, and the analog to digital shift doesn’t really sound all that different.
Importantly, we’re only talking about listeners in vehicles here. AM stations that switch to all-digital will most certainly lose nearly all their listeners outside of a car. No doubt there are nerds like me who own HD Radio home receivers, or some die-hard fans who will go out to buy one of the handful of HD-capable models when it becomes necessary. But the vast majority will just listen to something else.
I have a hard time seeing how going all-digital will save stations. More likely, it will just alienate listeners, and make those stations even more niche and less viable.
The Problem Isn’t Digital Radio, Per Se
I do want to be clear that, despite my cynicism, I don’t actually wish for stations to fail, nor do I think digital radio is a bad idea. I think it would be good for the U.S. to have a truly viable digital radio service. However, it would be better as an additional service, rather than a replacement for analog radio. Something more like the DAB service prevalent outside the US.
Even with its limitations, there are significant advantages to analog AM radio. It’s a proven technology that has lasted a century, and there are millions upon millions of receivers out there. Heck, it’s so simple that you can build a crystal set receiver that doesn’t even require electricity. Moreover, AM signals can easily travel hundreds to thousands of miles.
All of this means that AM is an efficient want to broadcast to large groups of people over a large area. That is particularly important during emergencies, natural disasters or other times when communications by cellular phone or internet is compromised.
Who Loses When Stations Go All-Digital?
What I’d hate to see during a wildfire, hurricane or earthquake thousands of people resorting to their emergency radios, only to find that where there used to be a reliable source of local information there is only digital hash.
Though I have doubts that all-digital AM broadcasting will be any more successful, nor as sustainable as analog, I certainly prefer it to be optional rather than mandatory. On the one hand I suppose it’s not terrible to let station owners to make their bets and choose their own fates.
On the other hand, these consequences are not borne only by stations alone. Communities continue to depend on broadcasters, and there is still something of a remnant public service obligation in exchange for the monopoly license to use a frequency on the public airwaves. If going all-digital ends up driving a station out of business, what’s the likelihood that another one will take over the license and take its place?
I honestly don’t doubt the sincerity of many all-digital AM proponents, that they honestly would like to see a higher fidelity, “improved” service on the dial. However, they may be naïve.
Is This Even About Radio?
A more suspicious take would be that a drive to all-digital AM has nothing to do with radio as an audio service. Rather it’s an effort to turn the band into a data service, with audio as a justification, but more of an afterthought. That’s not unlike the required, but mostly useless video signal of channel 6 low-power TV stations, that mostly serve as “Franken FM” radio stations sneaking onto the FM dial at 87.7 FM. Think of all-digital AM as a cheap way to send traffic, weather and other commercialized data to in-car receivers without the need for mobile internet.
That said, I also have doubts about how many broadcasters would take advantage of all-digital operation. I have difficulty seeing top rated big-city AMs dump the millions of analog listeners that keep advertisers coming back just to gain a little bit of fidelity for a minority of the in-car audience.
The question becomes: Is all-digital AM Radio actually AM Radio? If we’re being pedantic, no, it isn’t. AM means Amplitude Modulation, which is an inherently analog technology. If all the stations on the AM dial were to go digital, that would in fact mean the death of AM broadcasting in the U.S., along with the death of many of the technology’s advantages. It’s possible this wouldn’t be as tragic as I predict. Maybe analog FM and more robust internet technologies would pick up the slack. Maybe even such a transition would stimulate the production and sales of more HD Radio receivers.
I’m not committed to being a luddite, and I wouldn’t mind being wrong. I just won’t bet on it.
EuroDAB Italia Begins Airing BBC World Service
DAB operator enables Italian listeners to tune into the BBC World Service in English
Eugenio Lateana, head of research and development for EuroDAB Italia (left); Federica Gentile, RTL 102.5 presenter (center); and Mary Hockaday, controller of BBC World Service English, announce the Italian launch of BBC World Service on the EuroDAB Italia multiplex.
MILAN — BBC World Service and EuroDAB Italia have entered into an agreement to broadcast the global network’s rich mix of BBC News, documentaries, business, sports, arts and science programs as a new service included in EuroDAB Italia’s DAB+ multiplex.
On Oct 9, Mary Hockaday, controller of BBC World Service English, and Lorenzo Suraci, president of EuroDAB Italia, officially launched the new service and presented the vision behind this agreement and their expectations for the future.
Mary Hockaday (left) and Lorenzo Suraci, EuroDAB Italia present, presented the vision behind the new agreement and their future expectations.
Although about 30% of Italians can speak some English, including a large part of the younger generation, no English-speaking service is at present broadcast in Italy on regular basis.
“We live in a world with an infinite number of information sources and making a choice among those sources often makes us feel confused,” Hockaday said. “It’s wonderful to have such a diversity, but in this surrounding noise actually many people seek trusted brands, and they seek media and information they can trust.”
According to Hockaday, trust is at the heart of what BBC and BBC World Service can offer, including “accurate and impartial means and good information.” In a world where everyone can have on his or her smartphone a multitude of headlines and news from all over the world and from as many different sources, Hockaday emphasized how hard the BBC World Service works to provide their listeners with a rich editorial mix with news but also information on business, sports, culture, technology, politics and stories.
The BBC World Service logo displayed on a visual-capable DAB receiver tuned to the EuroDAB Italia multiplex.
“Whenever you turn on the radio, you will always find something engaging, informing, delighting and feeding curiosity within our offer ,” she concluded.
“We are very proud that BBC World Service choose the EuroDAB digital network to broadcast its content in Italy,” added Suraci. “It improves and extends the offer of the contents of our bouquet and helps the radio, in general, in an increasingly global world.”
DAB+ broadcasts are already available to 80% of Italians and that percentage is set to grow due to the Italian legislative requirement for all radios sold in Italy from Jan. 1 2020 to have digital capability.
In Italy, 46% of new cars are now sold with DAB+ as standard, and according to the Italian media regulator AGCOM, radio is the second most frequently used media after television, while 68% of the population listens to radio for an average of 2.5 hours per day.
Does 5G Make Sense for Radio?
Making informed investment choices today is crucial to safeguarding broadcast radio’s future
The author is the head of technical and infrastructure department at German national public broadcaster Deutschlandradio.
The reception of radio programs with smartphones is becoming increasingly important for radio makers, particularly due to young people’s tendency to use their hand-held devices for a wide range of purposes — information and entertainment, social media networks, smart home and smart speakers, amongst others.
There is no doubt that broadcasters have to be present on that platform with both linear and non-linear audio, with social media and the various functions of the internet.
At first glance, 5G broadcasts seem to be a promising solution for the future of broadcasting, and a viable solution to bring radio to the smartphone — one device and one transmission standard on one transmitter network. But who will benefit from this — the user, the mobile network operators, radio broadcasters or the industry as a whole?
Physical laws for radio communication are still valid for 5G as for DAB and all the other broadcasting and telecommunication schemes. From the well-known Shannon limit of 1948 we know that a minimum of energy per bit is necessary in order to provide an error-free transmission over a channel with a certain bandwidth (Eb/N0 = −1.6 dB in AWGN-Channel).
New and very efficient transmission systems like 5G are able to transmit very high data rates in a channel of a certain bandwidth, however, the energy per bit will never fall under the minimum defined by the Shannon law. With other words, the higher the data rate of a transmission system, the higher the signal-to-noise ratio required. This means in practice for a certain transmitting power the size of the transmitter cell will be reduced for higher data rates accordingly.
Now, from a theoretical point of view with respect to the energy per transmitted useful bit (including all the overhead), there is no significant difference in performance between 5G modulation schemes compared to the still very robust system of DAB+.
The 5G broadcast mode provides also a robust QPSK modulation to make use of bigger cell sizes. However, the expected performance compared to DAB especially in a single frequency network is rather the same. In fact, there are no results of a system comparison in the field available and therefore it is reasonable to focus on other basic differences between the idea of 5G broadcast and conventional DAB+ broadcasting.
Today, DAB radio receivers have an external antenna as well as car receivers. In comparison to a smartphone with a less sensitive built-in antenna, the link budget for the required field strength differs at minimum of 15 dB or even 20 dB and more.
This means that in order to achieve the same coverage for radio reception by smartphones, 10 dB more transmitting power is required. This is also true for 5G broadcast networks, so that 5G broadcast networks for smartphone reception have to aim for 10 dB more transmitting power compared to a conventional DAB+ network. In practice, this means that a significantly denser transmitter network is required for 5G broadcast to smartphones than for conventional DAB+.
Radio reception differs for smartphones compared to conventional radio receivers. The field strength required depends on the effective antenna size, and has to be higher for smartphone reception.
The reduction of the transmitter distance can be anticipated easily from the CCIR propagation curves. For example for VHF propagation a loss of field strength of 20 dB corresponds to a reduction of the distance to the transmitter from 30 km to 10 km.
With the basic transmitter distance of about 60 km for DAB+ networks, the average transmitter distance for 5G broadcasting to smartphones has to be around 20 km. In fact this means that the transmitter distance has to be reduced by a factor of three in order to overcome a loss of 20-dB field strength. This means nine times more transmitters in the area are required in order to achieve the same coverage as a conventionally planned DAB+ network. Can radio broadcasters really afford this? In fact round about 10 dB more transmitting power results in 10 dB more money.
For the time being, the national DAB multiplex in Germany comprises of 130 transmitters in a nationwide SFN. Today, coverage stands at around 95% for mobile reception, but in order to reach 99% coverage, the number of transmitters has to be increased to 250 at least and may be around 400 (including small gap fillers) in the long term.
With 5G Broadcast round about 10 times more transmitters will be required which might sum up to 2,500 or even 4,000 transmitters in Germany. The mobile network in Germany comprises already 40,000 transmitters today and everybody experiences that this is rather not enough. Concerning 5G mobile networks, experts anticipate that future high data rate networks will be based on a cell size of less than 1 square kilometre, which would sum-up to around 400,000 transmitters in Germany for nationwide area coverage.
CCIR 370 Propagation Curves
What can we learn from these facts?
The DAB+ network with its low number of transmitters is the most efficient network to realize a full area coverage
The 5G broadcast networks, the mobile network and future 5G mobile networks require far too much transmitters for a full area coverage that nobody can expect the same area coverage as for DAB radio services
Assume e.g. transmitting costs for a full area DAB network in Germany of about €25 million per year. In order to gain 10 dB more transmitting power for smartphone reception, the network will cost a nationwide broadcaster approximately €250 million per year, as opposed to €25 million a year for conventional DAB. In Germany, no broadcaster is in a position to afford this amount of money — the price for this purpose to reach smartphones with radio is incredible high, and quite frankly, out of reach for any public broadcaster.
If one says that 5G would only be applied in cities as opposed to rural areas, the additional costs would indeed be lower. However, setting aside a budget of €10 million a year for this purpose is also unrealistic for a broadcaster and, should this sum even be available, it would certainly make more sense to spend it on the DAB network, where coverage gaps could be closed, and where broadcasters and consumers could benefit from it.
What’s more, it wouldn’t make sense for a broadcaster to give up nationwide DAB coverage. In order to supply 10% of the area with 5G broadcast to mobile phones for the same amount of money.
So, if broadcasters are far from being able to afford 5G broadcasting, who would pay for this? Mobile network operators will never provide a 5G-radio service for free, and broadcasters will not pay for 5G broadcasting either, so there really is no business model for either.
The one and only solution is that the user pays for the broadcasting service to his smartphone — this could be done by a contract with the broadcaster or with the mobile network operator, something that is already being done today with 3G/4G.
The smartphone user has a mobile contract and pays for the data volume on an individual basis. This enables the mobile network operator to set up very dense mobile networks that have enough power to be received by small smartphones. This works perfectly for radio with LTE and even UMTS, so why wait for 5G broadcasts?
Users already have radio services available on smartphones today, and it works well, so long as the user has enough high-speed volume on his contract.
Today, hybrid radio with DAB+ and Internet via mobile networks or via Wi-Fi at home provides the most suitable solution. Hybrid radio is the perfect fit for all broadcaster and user requirements, as with DAB+ it allows broadcasters the proven and most efficient radio network at an affordable price for area-wide coverage. It allows for free access of the users to radio and information, regardless of whether they live in cities or in rural areas, and whether or not they can afford a high-volume data contract for their mobile phones.
Hybrid DAB radio provides broadcasters with a content distribution platform directly linked to the customers, and independent of the commercially driven infrastructure of mobile network operators. This may be an advantage for emergency warnings, too.
On the other hand, users already have audio streaming and additional non-linear services available on their smartphone via the Internet. So, the only need for radio broadcasters today is to think about attractive hybrid radio services, and an impactful marketing strategy for their brand.
I cannot comprehend why broadcasters and politicians would want to switch a system running with DAB and IP with the more expensive, and in practical terms less efficient system that is 5G. Instead, why not use and extend the existing and approved technology? Hybrid radio is the best approach both economically and in terms of efficiency, and this is unlikely to change in the future.
Diversity between broadcaster networks and mobile phone networks will result in better efficiency and will offer more advantages than disadvantages for broadcasters as well as for users — so proceed with Hybrid DAB and IP. There is no need for 5G for radio broadcast.
Turquie: Radio Dengê Welat, la voix du peuple kurde
Radio Dengê Welat diffuse dans les dialectes kurdes elle est entré en service il y a 3 ans.
La station a pris la place des radios Dengê Mesopotamia et Dengê Kurdistan qui ont été fermées en raison de la pression exercée auprès de l’Europe par la Turquie, qui considère le peuple kurde comme un mouvement terroriste.
Il faut dire que le territoire kurde est divisé entre l’Iran, l’Irak, la Syrie et la Turquie et que les habitants ont toujours méprisés ou adulés, au fil du temps et du lieu, par les pays qui les abritent ainsi que par les puissances étrangères.
Belgique terre d’accueil.
Les studios de Radio Dengê Welat sont installés dans la ville de Denderleeuw à vingt kilomètres au nord-est de Bruxelles. C’est aussi dans cette ville qu’étaient installées les radios historiques et même une télévision par satellite, MED TV qui a vu le jour en 1995.
Dans un premier temps, MED TV a commencé à émettre dans une salle baptisée Dengê Mesopotamia. Plus tard, il a poursuivi son émission dans un hangar qui abrite un studio de production le long de la Dendre au coin de la De Nayerstraat et de la Fabriekstraat.
En raison d’obstacles et d’attaques diverses, il a été contraint d’interrompre son émission pendant un an. Il a ensuite poursuivi son voyage sous le nom de Dengê Kurdistan. Le gouvernement turque a toujours fait pression sur la Belgique pour entraver les activités, sans jamais y arriver.
Cette ville compte une importante communauté kurde.
Un vaste territoire à couvrir.
La TV était un excellent moyen de couvrir la zone mais l’impact était très réduit vu la difficulté, et des risques, de disposer d’une installation de réception par satellite ou de se brancher sur Internet.
La couverture de la télévision était insuffisante et c’est là que la radio est intervenue. Enfin il était possible de recevoir les émissions sur de petits appareils portables et la radio pouvait être entendue dans les montagnes, les grottes, les maisons, les routes et les tempêtes.
Un trait d’union entre les kurdes.
Par delà les frontières, Radio Dengê Welat tente d’informer dans les quatre dialectes kurdes à destination des kurdes qui résident dans les quatre pays mais aussi à travers le monde pour la diaspora et les nombreux migrants suite aux derniers conflits, dispersés surtout en Europe.
Les émissions comprennent des programmes d’information, des émissions culturelles et artistiques, des cours de langues et des programmes pour enfants. Quelques émissions sont également produites en turc et en persan.
Radio Dengê Welat franchit même les murs des prisons en lisant des lettres pour les prisonniers politiques et leurs familles.
Des émetteurs loués.
Pour la diffusion, Radio Dengê Welat loue des émetteurs ondes courtes.
Actuellement, ce sont les émetteurs de TDF à Issoudun qui sont principalement utilisés mais certaines émissions sont diffusées depuis l’ancien centre émetteur de Radio Mayak à Grigoriopole en Moldavie.
C’est depuis ces deux centres émetteurs qui les émissions en ondes courtes arrivent dans des zones où la télévision et Internet ne sont pas facilement accessibles. Un petit récepteur et deux piles suffisent pour écouter la radio sur ondes courtes.
Une diffusion en toute légalité sur des fréquences enregistrées : http://www.shortwaveschedule.com/index.php?station=520
Qui est le pirate?
Depuis que la situation a dégénéré à la frontière entre la Turquie et l’Irak, forçant le peuple kurde irakien à l’exode face à l’incursion turc, une autre station a fait son apparition sur les mêmes fréquences ou avec un léger décalage.
Cette station musicale « non identifiée », que les passionnés d’écoute appellent « Radio Recep Erdogan », est une émission de brouillage diffusée dans le but d’interférer avec Denge Welat.
Les émetteurs sont ceux du centre émetteur ondes courtes de la Voix de la Turquie à Emirler.
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